What is IPS and how to become an IPS officer The post of Indian Police Service (IPS ) is one of the selected prestigious government jobs in the country. It is the dream of every youth who wants to serve the country that he becomes an IPS or IAS officer . In today’s article, you will know the answers to questions related to how to become an IPS , what is IPS and what are the functions of IPS .
To become an IPS officer, you have to appear in the Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) . To crack the UPSC exam, it is necessary to study hard and diligently. Through this article, you will be given all the information related to how to become an IPS. So let’s go ahead and know the complete information related to IPS .
IPS Full Form.
The full form of IPS is “Indian Police Service” . It means “Indian Police Service” .
What is IPS officer? – What is IPS service.
indian police service
The Indian Police Service (IPS) is a Central Civil Service under the All India Services . This service was earlier known as the Indian Imperial Police (Indian Imperial Police) , which was changed to Indian Police Service in 1948, a year after independence.
Apart from the IPS, the All India Services include the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and the Indian Forest Service (IFS) . IPS officers are employed both in the central government and in different states.
You can see some of the agencies, organizations and army forces under the Indian Police Service (IPS) which are headed by the service.
- state police force
- Union Territories Police Forces
- Central Armed Police Forces like BSF, SSB, CRPF, CISF and ITBP.
- National Security Guard (NSG)
- National Disaster Response Force (NDRF)
- Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)
- National Investigation Agency (NIA)
- Special Protection Group (SPG)
- Intelligence Bureau (IB)
What are the functions of an IPS officer?
The Indian Police Service (IPS) is not a force itself but a service that provides leaders and commanders to the State Police and the All India Central Armed Police Forces. Its members are senior officers of the police . Over time the objectives of the Indian Police Services are updated and redefined. Some of the roles and functions given to an IPS officer at present are as follows.
The IPS officer is committed to maintain public peace and order. It is the responsibility of the IPS to control crime, smuggling and drug trafficking in the area. Apart from this, investigating criminal cases, gathering intelligence, providing VIP security, border policing, railway policing, prevention of corruption and economic crime in public life, protection of environmental laws, disaster management etc. are the functions of IPS.
Both IPS officers and IAS officers work together to maintain law and order in the district. The main responsibility of an IPS officer is to ensure that the people within his jurisdiction are safe and that all essential services are reaching them.
If you want to do any religious or political work, rally or play loudspeaker then it is necessary to take permission of IPS. Preventing any accident in the area, accident management, action against the institution due to any crime, recovery of lost things etc. are all the work of an IPS officer.
Various Indian intelligence agencies like Research and Analysis Wings (R&AW), Intelligence Bureau (IB), Criminal Investigation Department (CID), Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) etc., Civil and Armed Police Forces in all States and Union Territories, Indian Federal Law Enforcement agencies all these are headed and commanded by an IPS officer.
Various Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) including Central Police Organizations (CPs) such as Border Security Force (BSF), National Security Guard (NSG), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Central Research Police Force (CRPF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Vigilance Organization etc. are headed by IPS.
An IPS officer tries to explain some values and norms to the police force under him which will help them to serve the people better.
How many posts are there in IPS?
The designations according to the posts of IPS officers are as follows:
Director General of Police (DGP)
Inspector General of Police (IGP)
Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG)
Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP)
Additional Superintendent of Police (Additional SP)
Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP)
Eligibility to become IPS
You can see below the qualifications set to become an IPS:
Physical Qualification to become IPS
Age Limit for IPS
|Square||Age Limit: 1st August on the day of examination|
|For general||21-32 years|
|For obc||21-35 years|
|For SC/ST||21-37 years|
Candidate must be a citizen of India.
Educational Qualification for IPS Exam
Candidate should have Bachelor’s degree or equivalent qualification from any recognized UGC University.
Number of Attempts of UPSC Exam
|SC/ST||No limit (till 37 years of age)|
How to become an IPS Officer?
By reading the steps given below, you can know in detail about how to become an IPS officer .
- 1. Pass 12th Exam
If you want to become an IPS then the first and initial step is to clear the 12th exam. You can study 12th in any subject.
2. Complete Graduation
To become an IPS officer after 12th, the next step is to complete the graduation. You can go ahead to fulfill your dream by getting a 3 or 4 year degree in any stream from a recognized university.
3. Apply for UPSC Exam
To become an IPS officer, one has to clear the civil examination conducted by the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) . You can apply for this exam from the official website of UPSC,
UPSC exam is known to be the toughest exam in India, because in order to crack the civil services exam, a candidate has to go through three stages of examination, which you can see below.
Preliminary Examination – First of all in the IPS Officer exam, there is a Preliminary Exam (Preliminary Examination) . This exam is of total 400 marks and it is divided into two papers. Both the papers are objective type in which multiple-choice questions come. After passing this exam, the candidate can appear for the Mains exam. The question papers come in both Hindi and English languages.
Mains Examination – This exam is the second part of the UPSC exam. This exam can be given only by the candidate who has passed the Preliminary exam. This exam is descriptive. There are total 9 papers in which 7 are of merit and 2 are of language papers.
Personal Interview – This is the last part of the UPSC exam. If the candidate also clears the Mains exam then he/she is called for the interview. The subject knowledge, general knowledge, mental ability and critical thinking skills of the candidate are assessed in this interview.
After the interview, UPSC declares the final merit list on the basis of Mains Exam and Interview.
4 . IPS training
When the candidate is selected after clearing all the three stages, he is sent for training to Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) or Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA) . This training is of three years, where the newly recruited candidates are given information about everything related to administration and policing.
IPS Exam Syllabus.
As we know, to become an IPS officer it is necessary to clear the IPS exam conducted by UPSC. To become an IPS officer , no particular subject or stream is decided. Knowledge of science, history, geography, technology, politics and many other subjects is necessary for civil service exam.
IPS Preliminary Exam Pattern & Syllabus
Some of the topics covered in the syllabus of UPSC Prelims paper 1 are as follows:
- History – Post-Independence History, Ancient, Medieval and Modern History
- Indian Geography and World Geography
- Indian Politics and Governance
- economic and social development
- Current events at home and abroad
- general Science
Some of the topics covered in the syllabus of UPSC Prelims paper 2 are as follows:
- General mental ability
- Interpersonal Skills and Communication Skills
- Decision making skills and problem solving skills
- basic numerical skills
IPS Mains Exam Pattern & Syllabus
Mains exam is the second and main part of IPS exam, which is a written descriptive test. A total of 9 papers are included in this, out of which two are related to language and the other 7 are related to general studies.
There are 7 papers in UPSC Main Exam in which you can see the various topics covered below:
|Paper ( A )||Compulsory Indian Language||300|
|Paper ( B )||English||300|
|paper 1||Proposal (You can write it in any medium as per your wish )||250|
|paper 2||General Studies-1 (History of India, Heritage and Culture,|
History and Geography of the World and Society)
|paper 3||General Studies – 2 (Politics, Governance, Constitution,|
Social Justice and International Relations)
|paper 4||General Studies – 3 (Biodiversity, Economic Development,|
Technology, Security and Disaster Management)
|paper 5||General Studies – 4 (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)||250|
|paper 6||Optional Subject – 1||250|
|paper 7||Optional Subject – 2||250|
What is the salary of IPS officer?
The basic salary of an IPS officer starts from Rs 56,000 per month (TA, DA and HRA separately) and can go up to Rs 2,25,000 for the post of DGP. The salary of an IPS officer varies for different posts, the list of which you can see in the table given below.
|Post||Salary – As per 7th Pay Commission Pay Scale|
|Director General of Police (DGP)||2,25,000.00 INR|
|Inspector General of Police (IGP)||1,44,200.00 INR|
|Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG)||1,31,100.00 INR|
|Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP)||78,800.00 INR|
|Additional Superintendent of Police (Additional SP)||67,700.00 INR|
|Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP)||56,100.00 INR|
FAQs related to IPS
- What is UPSC?
UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) ie Union Public Service Commission , carries out the recruitment process for top level central government jobs across India.
- How many IPS are selected in India every year?
Every year 150 new IPS officers are elected in India.
- What is the percentage required in 12th to become IPS?
There is no cut off marks or qualification in 12th to become an IPS, so if you have passed 12th then you are eligible to take the exam. For IPS exam after 12th, a bachelor’s degree from any stream is required.
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