Your Questions : >> What is bleeding? When blood starts flowing from a person’s body and there is loss of blood, then it is called bleeding or haemorrhage. Bleeding that occurs inside the body is called internal bleeding whereas when the blood starts coming out of the body it is called external bleeding.
In our body, blood flows inside closed blood vessels; If these blood vessels rupture or break due to any kind of injury, due to which the blood vessels are opened, then the blood starts leaking out of the blood vessels, resulting in blood loss.
Bleeding can occur under three of these conditions:
- When blood leaks from blood vessels or organs inside the body
- Outside the body when blood flows through a natural opening in the body (such as the ear, nose, mouth, vagina, or rectum)
- When blood flows outside the body due to a cut in the skin
(Read more: Bleeding in pregnancy )
Get emergency medical help right away if the bleeding continues. Especially if you think there may be internal bleeding as it can very quickly become life threatening. Sometimes an injury can also cause heavy bleeding. Sometimes, even a minor injury may result in excessive bleeding, for example if a head or scalp injury occurs. In addition, if you take blood thinners or if you have a bleeding disorder such as hemophilia , you may have heavy bleeding.
What are the different causes of bleeding, what can be its symptoms, how to treat it, we are telling you about all these in this article.
Bleeding becomes a concern when it is caused by an illness, medical condition or injury . Our body has a natural clotting mechanism for blood clotting and in such a situation, even when bleeding occurs due to injury, it naturally settles after some time but this will happen only if you have a blood clotting system. Do not have any associated disease. Following are some common signs of bleeding-
- blood loss from external openings such as the mouth, nose, ears, rectum, urethral opening, or the surface of the skin
- low hemoglobin
- Shock (if blood loss is not stopped) Pale limbs, low pulse rate
Bleeding can also occur due to any kind of injury to the body, trauma due to accident or any kind of blow or blow. Some of the common painful causes of bleeding are the following:
- A skin injury, scratch, or wound that causes the capillaries to burst
- Sometimes nose bleeds also occur due to injury to the nose or finger in the nose .
- Intracranial hemorrhage due to head injury
- gun injury
When blood loss occurs as a result of a medical condition or disease, these causes are referred to as medical causes. Some of the main reasons are the following:
- acute bronchitis
- liver failure
- low platelet count
- Vitamin K deficiency
- Blood cancer or any other advanced stage cancer
- heavy bleeding during menstruation
- miscarriage or abortion
- Haemophilia (a genetic disorder that causes spontaneous bleeding in the joints)
- Bleeding can also occur with the use of blood thinners
Bleeding Test – Diagnosis of Bleeding
In case of injury or trauma, various scans of the injured limb may help. Sometimes, internal bleeding may not be detected until a blood test is done. Here are some common diagnostic tools and methods used to detect bleeding:
- Blood test showing hemoglobin and hematocrit values
- count of platelets
- stool test
- X-ray imaging
- CT scan
When it comes to the treatment of haemorrhage, the main objective is to stop the bleeding and once the underlying cause of haemorrhage is diagnosed, then the treatment module is decided accordingly. Bleeding can be managed in the following ways:
- Hormonal treatment to overcome the problem of excessive bleeding during menstruation
- wearing a tourniquet to control blood loss from injury
- Surgical intervention to stop traumatic bleeding
- Tissue oxygenation and intravenous fluids to control hypotension due to bleeding
- Surgical dressings: Collagen-based, fibrin-based and gelatin-based dressings that contain hemostatic agents to stop bleeding
- Vasoconstrictors: The use of agents that stop bleeding by constricting blood vessels, such as to stop bleeding from the bladder or rectum in cancer cases. Here, endoscopic delivery at the bleeding site can also be done.
- Radiotherapy: used for blood loss due to lung cancer , bladder cancer , or cancer of the gastrointestinal tract
- Vitamin K therapy and fibrinogen given in case of clotting disorders
- use of antifibrinolytics to thicken the blood or increase blood clotting
- platelet concentrate, frozen plasma or blood transfusions
Massive blood loss, whether internal or external, can be fatal. In case of heavy bleeding, blood transfusion is also done in the person’s body to compensate for the loss of blood.
(Take caution- whatever the bleeding may be, it requires immediate attention. Hence consult your doctor. A person’s life can be saved if diagnosed and treated on time)